Reforming Federally Administrative Tribal Area ( FATA) is one of the contentious issue in the country, over the years efforts have been to streamline the area but all these attempts have been failed.
Mainstreaming FATA is part of the National Action Plan (NAP), a twenty point agenda devised after the cruel attack on the innocent children of Army Public School (APS) in December 2014 as it says Fata reforms will be carried out.
Here is the history of Fata reforms:
The Prime Minister of Pakistan established a six member Fata reforms committee in order to mainstream Fata in November 2015
The committee analyzed and studied the previous raw efforts for mainstreaming Fata on 21 November 2015 to determine why they all failed.
It came on the forefront that these reforms did not incorporate the legal, administrative and political aspect of reforming the area.
The introduction of Local Government in Fata has failed.
Local Government Regulation was extended to Fata in 2002 followed by nomination of Agency Councillors in 2004 but it could not be implemented.
Then in 2006, an effort was made under a special committee for reformation of Fata but due to lack of consensus over the powers of political agent remained the issue in imbroglio.
Justice Mian Mohammad Ajmal tried to bring amendment in Frontier Crime Regulation (FCR) which helped to some extend but it did not materialize the dream of mainstreaming Fata in the real sense.
But Fata reform is a complex process as huge money is needed so as to bring Fata in par with settled areas.
As it the plan calls for allocating around Rs 90billion for socio-economic development of the area every year for ten years.
Then, there is a problem of timing for merger with the Khyber Pakhtunkhwas (KP) and for that there is a strong need of completing rehabilitation and reconstruction process in North Wasiristan, South Wasiristan and Orakzai agency.
And further the extension of boundary to the international border with Afghanistan needs a careful process.
While keeping all these points, the reform committee suggested a period of five years for the merger.
Lastly, there is a conflict of interest over the revoke of Frontier Crime Regulation (FCR) and the Rewaj system, but before proceeding on any point of the law there is a strong need of consensus on all parts. Courtesy express